This argument is vulnerable to a number of criticisms. While Schlesinger is undoubtedly correct in thinking that we are justified in suspecting design in the case where John wins three consecutive lotteries, it is because—and only because—we know two related empirical facts about such events.
We only see appearance of design. First, we already know that there exist intelligent agents who have the right motivations and causal abilities to deliberately bring about such events.
The probability of getting the particular outcome is vanishingly small: The first theist widely known to have made such an argument is Frederick Robert Tennant.
Indeed, he explicitly acknowledges that "the argument does not say that the fine-tuning evidence proves that the universe was designed, or even that it is likely that the universe was designed" Collins Meyer, "Evidence for Design in Physics and Biology: In works such as his On the Usefulness of Parts he explained evidence for it in Teleological argument ao1 complexity of animal construction.
The argument from biological information is concerned with only the second of these problems.
Therefore, the design in the material universe is the effect of having been made by an intelligent creator. Kant Design is a trap that we fall in to: The Argument from Simple Analogy The next important version of the design argument came in the 17th and 18th Centuries.
The one usually credited with popularizing or developing this version is William Paley, who described it in Natural Theology It is therefore not deductive, which is where the premises of an argument do entail the conclusion, i. There must be an Author.
The confirmatory version of the fine-tuning argument is not vulnerable to the objection that it relies on an inference strategy that presupposes that we have independent evidence for thinking the right kind of intelligent agency exists.
Thus, there is no reason to think that it is logically or nomologically impossible, according to Darwinian theory, for a set of organisms with a precursor to a fully functional cilium to evolve into a set of organisms that has fully functional cilia.
Paley believed that just as watches, which exhibit complexity, design and purpose in order to tell the time for us, have watchmakers, the world, which has complexity and the purpose of sustaining life has a worldmaker — designer God.
The curious adapting of means to ends, throughout all nature, resembles exactly, though it much exceeds, the productions of human contrivance; of human designs, thought, wisdom, and intelligence.
Regardless of how dissimilar any particular natural object might otherwise be from a watch, both objects exhibit the sort of functional complexity that warrants an inference that it was made by an intelligent designer.
Tales of the Rational, Freethought Press, Because i f there was an intelligent designer there would be no need for all the complexity and waste observed in the physical universe.Mar 18, · Teleological Argument AO1 - Explain how the teleological argument attempts to prove that god is the designer of the universe?
The design argument is also referred to at the Teleological Argument stemmed from the Greek work ‘Telos’ meaning end or purpose.
Class/ Lesson Date of Lesson Teacher Learning Objectives All MUST Identify the basic components of Teleological Argument and recall the premises and conclusion of Aquinas’ 5th Way. AO1 Band Most SHOULD Analyse Aquinas’ 5th Way exploring how it works and seeks to convince people of the existence of God.
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Teleological Argument AO1 material – “what goes in part a?” How the argument goes P1: There is order and complexity in the universe: eg the changing of the seasons or the human eye; P2: Things that exhibit order and complexity have designers; C: The universe has a.
AS Religious Studies Revision: The Teleological Argument AO1 Material: i.e. ‘what goes in part a)?’ How the argument goes. P1: There is order and complexity in the universe: e.g.
the changing of the seasons or the human eye. Class/ Lesson Date of Lesson Teacher Learning Objectives All MUST Identify the basic components of Teleological Argument and recall the premises and conclusion of Aquinas’ 5th Way.
AO1 Band Most SHOULD Analyse Aquinas’ 5th Way exploring how it works and seeks to convince people of the existence of God. The argument states that if one uses one’s senses to look at order, such as gravity and the motion of the planets, which exists in the world, it is likely that one will accept that there is a designer God who created the world and gave it this order.Download